When creating clothing, whether it is by sewing or knitting, it is the finishing work that truly shows the skill of the creator. (The same can be said for many art forms.) A little patience will turn your project into a couture-worthy piece.
Choose the bind off and weaving method that is best suited for your project type. (Not all patterns will give you a recommendation. In that case, spend a little time researching on the Internet for your project type.)
Weaving in Ends
When finishing, always take great care in weaving in your ends neatly on the wrong side of the project.
For a project like the Building Blocks Cowl/Hood (with good structure and simple stitches), use your yarn/tapestry needle and “follow the yarn path” on the back of the work, weaving along the same path that the yarn took to make the stitches for one or more inches. This will also help you understand the method for working Kitchener Stitch as you begin to see how the stitches link together.
When you create a project with natural fibres, you can use the properties of those fibres to help reshape your pieces or project using water or steam. This process is called “blocking” and is also the reason why most of your sweaters say to “lay flat to dry.” Letting a sweater dry on a hanger will inevitably leave it stretched out and oddly shaped. Essentially, this is still “blocking”—just not used to your advantage.
Blocking can even out stitches, open up cables, or reshape a piece with imperfect gauge to where it is meant to be. Some types of projects should always be blocked (such as sweaters), and others are more optional.
Wool, alpaca, cotton, linen, and most other natural fibres have innate elasticity that can be managed when wet. Synthetic fibres such as acrylic do not have the same structure, and blocking has little to no effect--although you can use steam to “kill” acrylic and give it more drape. This is an irreversible process, however.
To wet-block, get your finished project (or project piece) wet, wring it out by laying on a towel and rolling it up to remove excess water, then pin it on a flat surface to the required dimensions. Let dry. (More: https://www.craftsy.com/knitting/article/blocking-knitting-tutorial/)
To steam-block, pin your project to the required dimensions before getting it wet. Wet an old pillowcase or towel and lay over the project, then use a hot iron on the pillowcase to force steam into the finished project until the wet layer is dry. (More: https://www.craftsy.com/knitting/article/blocking-knitting-tutorial/)